The revolt of 1857 forms one of the most important chapters in the history of the struggle of the Indian people for liberation from the British rule. Though the uprising of 1857 failed, it had its importance. The major impact was the introduction of Government of India act which abolished the rule of British East India Company and marked the beginning of British raj that bestowed powers in the hands of the British government to rule India directly through … It is also known as India’s First war of independence. This Act of 1858 completed the process initiated by the Charter Act of 1853. It began on 10th may 1857 in Meerut with the mutiny of Indian soldiers or sepoys as the British used to call them. UG SEM - IV ( CC - 10 ) This video is unavailable. Consequently, the British Parliament by an Act transferred the control of the Indian government from the East India Company to the British Crown. Since 1970, the historical perspective has shifted from the study of ‘sepoy mutiny’ or ‘national revolt’ to the examination of social roots of the revolt by understanding specific area studies. Contradicting the above views of nationalist motivated perceptions, R.C. Also Read: Storm Centres of 1857 Revolt and their Leaders. On the other hand, Rest states had actively participated in the revolt of 1857 against British rule. The unrest against the British rule that had been brewing for a long time now broke out into a revolt. As a result of such studies, it is now estab­lished that the relationship between land revenue settlement and the revolt is very minimum. The British government was now established. It proved to be a source of encouragement to the National freedom struggle. It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company 's army. The Secretary of State for India was assisted and helped by a 15-member body of India Council. On 9 May 1857, they were severely punished for this. The reign of his successor witnessed a big conflagration-the Great Revolt of 1857. The rebels had succeeded in sowing the seeds of nationalism among the Indians. The 7th Awadh Regiment which defied its officers on May 3 met with a similar fate. Once the Indian people overthrew British power from an area, they did not know what sort of power to create in its place. It was the first great struggle of the Indian people for freedom from British imperialism. Q 8: In what ways did the British change their policies as a result of the rebellion of 1857? ii) Denial of pension to Nana … They reduced the Brahmins from the army and recruited Gurkhas, Sikhs, Jats and Rajputs of the Punjab. His salary and allowances were to be paid out of the Indian … Sources and Further Reading . As mutineers were captured, they were often killed on the spot, and many were executed in dramatic fashion. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s First War of … The Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organisation to rule over a country. The self-confidence of the British and their plans for the rapid westernization of India through social reforms were shattered. At the end, we may conclude by agreeing with Tarachand: “imperi­alist Britain treated India as a satellite whose main function was to sweat and labour for the master, to sub-serve its economy and to enhance the glory and prestige of the empire”. Madras, Bombay, Bengal and the Western Punjab remained undisturbed. The annexation of Indian territory and the rigorous taxation on Indian land contributed to a revolt against British rule that began in 1857. It paved the way for the rise of the modern national movement. Results of the revolt: The great uprising of 1857 was an important landmark in the history of modern India. The Revolt of 1857 further widened the difference between the ruler and the ruled. The direct effects of the Revolt of 1857 may be summed up in the following words: Firstly, the Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organization to rule over a country. Leaders like Nanasaheb Peshwa, Bahadur Shah Zafar, Kunwar Singh and the Nawab of Awadh had joined hands with Tatya Tope, an efficient military commander; Rango bapuji, an accomplished planner, and Azimullah Khan, a lawyer and a journalist to lead the revolt. For example, the Begum of Avadh quarreled with Maulavi Ahmadullah and the Mughal princes with the sepoy-generals. In this article, we are going to see all the aspects of the Revolt of 1857 in Hindi. The aged Emperor Bahadur Shah was taken prisoner. This rebellion brought far-reaching changes in political, social and other aspects. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. By the end of 1859, British authority over India was fully reestablished, but the Revolt had not been in vain. Result of revolt of 1857. The Revolt was suppressed. It was planned to begin the revolt across the nation against the East India Company on 31st May, 1857. It was a result of the anger against the government. There is no unanimity among scholars regarding the nature of the revolt of 1857 and a debate took place between 1950-1960 focusing attentions on three perspectives: sepoy mutiny, national struggle or first war of independence or a manifestation of feudalist revival. The rebel leaders lacked experience and coordination. The uprisings in different parts of the country were completely uncoordinated. Importance and Outcome of the Great Revolt of 1857. If we do not consider any historical event on the basis of its success then the revolt of 1857 A.D. was never a tragedy. Military revolt. P.E. By 1859, Kunwar Singh, Bakht Khan, Khan Bahadur Khan of Bareilly, Rao Sahib brother of Nana Sahib, and Maulavi Ahmadullah were all dead, while the Begum of Avadh was compelled to hide in Nepal. Surender Nath Sen is of the view that: “The mutiny became a revolt and assumed a political character when the mutineers of Meerut placed themselves under the king of Delhi and a section of the landed aristocracy and civil population declared, in his favour. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The Bengal Army was virtually abolished. On 2nd August 1857 … The revolt started as a mutiny of Indian sepoys (soldiers) in the service of the English East India Company in Meerut, a town northeast of Delhi. The British who were quite aloof in the beginning realized their mistake and changed their policy with 1861 Indian Council Act. Modern nationalism was yet unknown in India. Ashok Mehta in his book The Great Rebellion expressed the view that the revolt was national in character. The Revolt of 1857 is an important event in the history of India. It can be said that the great revolt of 1857 A.D. was a failure, but was not fruitless. The British crown agreed to provide employment to the Indians in the bureaucratic structure of the times, which was denied previously. Privacy Policy3. It did not spread to South India and most of Eastern and Western India. Topics: Indian Rebellion of 1857, Mughal Empire, British Empire Pages: 4 (1360 words) Published: August 10, 2012. Chakravarty, Gautam. The resistance disintegrated primarily due to lack of … The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence.It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. It was a result of the anger against the government. The policies and laws introduced by the Company created discontentment among the rulers, landlords, peasants, tribals and sepoys and all wanted an end to the colonial rule. ii) Queen Victoria issued a Proclamation promising to look after the welfare of the Indian people. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. The “British Parliament” passed another Act in 1858 and exchanged the forces of the “East India Company” to the “British Crown”.. 2. Answers:The British made various changes in their policies after the revolt of 1857. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. The revolt of 1857 originated with the mutiny of the Sepoys. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence. United Effort: From this revolt, we can have a picture of India’s struggle for keeping the rights. Importance and Outcome of the Great Revolt of 1857. On 24 April 1857, some soldiers stationed at Meerut also refused to use the cartridges. India now came under the direct rule of the British Crown. Revolt of 1857 – Causes The Revolt of 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event. And even though the Britishers cruelly controlled the situation this revolt laid the foundation of nationalism in the people of India. The 1857 revolt though failed and crushed by the superior military force of the British was a significant event of far-reaching consequences in the history of British rule in India. The revolt of 1857 was an uncontrolled rebellion against the rule of British east India Company in India. Watch Queue Queue Most of them fought with such ancient weapons as pikes and swords. The Revolt of 1857 also regarded as India’s Ist War of Independence was a significant event in Indian history. Fighting in some places continued well into 1858, but the British were ultimately able to establish control. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. The rebels were dealt an early blow when the British captured Delhi on 20 September 1857 after prolonged and bitter fighting. What we notice in this period was abandonment of social and educational welfare measures by the British purposefully and willingly. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of colonial rule. Even inspite of failure that served a great purpose, it was a source of inspiration in India’s freedom struggle. Further, it is now suggested that the roots of the revolt are traceable to the pockets of relative poverty due to ecological factors such as less fertile soil and severe revenue assessments imposed on arable land caused undue misery to the cultivator. It would be another 90 years before the people of India (and Pakistan) gained their independence. L.E.R. The Revolt was suppressed. Consider the following statements about Revolt of 1857: 1. These Sepoys were drawn mainly from the peasant population of North and North-West India. The cartridges that were used in the rifles had to be bitten open. यद्यपि … The End of the Company’s Rule. 1. All the ruling chiefs and kings were assured that their territory would never be annexed in future. … Ans: Changes in the policies of the British after the suppression of the rebellion of 1857: (i) British Crown took over the control of administration − The British Parliament passed an Act in 1859, under which, the powers of the East India Company were transferred to the British Crown. My dear friend At this conjuncture I believe that the reasons for the Revolt of 1857 is indeed many, the prime and the most important one being the religious sentiments being hurt. It was to a great extent a popular revolt led by exiled princes and displaced landlords. The power to govern India was transferred from Company to the British crown. The reign of Dalhousie had been quite momentous for the Britishers as he had pursued a policy of territorial aggrandisement and extended the dominions of the empire. Thus British government passed Government of India Act 1858 on August 2, 1858, according to which the power that the company enjoyed was snatched and a direct rule was established. The Battle of Plassey was an important stepping stone for the British rule in India as the British had overcome the French in India, and the state of … The sepoys were brave and selfless but they were also ill-disciplined. Which revolt was the first to happen, even before the revolt of 1857, and which is also known as The First War of Independence? Cambridge UK: … Image Source: bharatmatamandir.in/files/2012/12/Mutiny-of-1857.jpg. Sir John Lawrance and Seelay are of the view that it was a sepoy mutiny as the sepoys refused to use the greased cartridges of the Enfield rifles and opposed the move. The unrest against the British rule that had been brewing for a long time now broke out into a revolt. There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. There was diverse reasons like political, economic, military, religious and social reasons for the uprising of revolt against the tyranny of British East India company. Tantia Tope escaped into the jungles of Central India where he carried on bitter and brilliant guerrilla warfare until April 1859 when he was betrayed by a zamindar friend and captured while asleep. Mention any three political causes of the Revolt. The 1857 Revolt remained concentrated in the Central India and some parts of north-Western India. While in the first century, i.e., from 1757 to 1857, the British crown indirectly ruled India, in the second century, i.e., from 1858 to 1947, the British crown directly ruled India through the Viceroy appointed by the Monarch. The 1857 revolt though failed and crushed by the superior military force of the British was a significant event of far-reaching consequences in the history of British rule in India. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. United Effort: From this revolt, we can have a picture of India’s struggle for keeping the rights. Roberts also considered it as a military revolt. The revolt marked the end of the East India Company’s rule in India. As a consequence of more European soldiers in the army, the expen­diture on the army doubled up. J.R. Holmes expressed the opinion that it was a conflict between civilization and barbarism. Revolt of 1857 in Assam. Suppressed the revolt at Arrah in August 1857. Content Guidelines 2. » The immediate event which angered the sepoys was about the ammunition for the new rifles they had to use. Scholars have different views on the Revolt of 1857. Political Causes: The British policy of territorial annexations led to the displacement of a large … Some Muslims also supported British. There were several revolts before this, but there was no feeling of Indian-ness in those revolts. The British, after the Revolt of 1857, decided to concentrate in providing a sound and efficien… It began on 10th may 1857 in Meerut with the mutiny of Indian soldiers or sepoys as the British used to call them. 4. revolt of 1857 In case of the rulers of the Indian states, the crown made categorical announcement that all the treaties and agreements entered into by the East India Company will be honoured and respected and made it clear that no renewal was necessary. He was put to death after a hurried trial on 15 April 1859. History of Freedom Movement in India. It marks the end of an era of mercantile capitalism and early colonial rule and the beginning of direct imperial hegemony of the British crown. There were several revolts before this, but there was no feeling of Indian-ness in those revolts. The Revolt of 1857 Essay Sample. Why the revolt of 1857 failed: The British had the support of strong government in England. The Emperor was tried and exiled to Rangoon where he died in 1862. My dear friend At this conjuncture I believe that the reasons for the Revolt of 1857 is indeed many, the prime and the most important one being the religious sentiments being hurt. Ans: The ‘Paika Bidroha’ (Paika rebellion) of 1817 led by Bakshi Jagabandhu [Bidyadhar Mohapatra] in Khurda of Odisha. THE REVOLT OF 1857APARNA.P 2. He was overpowered and executed on April 6 while his regiment was disbanded in May. Though the revolt had failed, historian like Sir Legal Greffin stated that “The revolt of 1857 A.D. swept the Indian sky clear of many clouds”. The British government was … John Lawrence, Outran, Havelock, Neil, Campbell, and Hugh Rose were some of the British commanders who earned military fame in the course of the revolt. 1. The Company … In the sphere of diplomatic ties between India and Britain, now there was a change and the British began to show greater interest in the internal development of India than in foreign affairs. Further, the British tried to portray civil disturbances as the actions of selfish vested interests of the landholders and the princes. Introduction The Revolt of 1857, commonly called as the Sepoy Revolt, was the first organised revolt against British rule in India. In the sphere of social relations, the gulf between the Europeans and the Indians not only widened but animosity and hatred between the two social groups became marked, and there was definite social estrangement between Indians and Europeans. Results of the Revolt of 1857: The Revolt of 1857 served as a rude and caustic reminder to the British that they were alien in India and because of the very nature of their domination is colonial and exploitative, could not reconcile the Indians to their rule. Here we outline the various political and economic factors that helped cause the revolt. He was to look after the formulation of the British policies in India. It was started by the sepoy of the company which arouses the gathered grievances of the people against the Company administration and of their dislike for the foreign administration. India's First War of Independence, termed Sepoy Riots by the British was an attempt to unite India against the invading British and to restore power to the Mogul emperor Bahadur Shah. The nature of the 1857 event has become so emotive that it gave scope to multiple perspectives. The infamous massacre related with Nana Saheb took place at Bibi Ghar, Kanpur. What was the role of Tatia Tope in 1857 mutiny? Defiant to the very end and refusing to surrender, he escaped to Nepal early in 1859, never to be heard of again. 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